The project is financed by Klimaforsk i Norwegian research council
Lessons from previous environmental actions and analysis of current farmer situation Methods: WP1 is tasked with providing new knowledge and developing the basis for WP2. WP1.1 will create a knowledge base for essential success factors from previous environmental actions. Historical examples suggest that combining measures is a way forward to solving environmental problems. One example is the case of combating water pollution from agriculture in Norway during the 1970s to the 1990s (Johnsen, 1991). We will assess and learn from such previous environmental actions based on available literature and public documents. WP1.2 will identity what farmers today regard as facilitators and barriers for implementing GHG reducing measures on their farms. This will be done through a nationwide, representative survey among Norwegian farmers as part of Ruralis’ biennial survey Trends (“Trender i norsk landbruk”). Survey questions will address the core elements of the dynamic system model (Figure 2).
Outputs: 1 report (in Norwegian); 1 conference paper; 1 journal article submitted; 1 lecture. WP leader: Jostein Brobakk, Ruralis Additional participants: Ruralis.
Methods: In-depth studies of 6-8 farm cases where GHG reducing measures have been implemented. These will cover the three categories in Figure 1. The main task will be to analyse processes involved in the implementation of the measures detailed in the system model (Figure 2), including interactions between the niche and regime level and the role of hybrid actors. WP2 analysis will also facilitate WP3 and WP4. Selection of cases will be done in collaboration with the project partners in the first stages of the project. A mix of data will be applied: Semi-structured interviews with actors on regime level and niche level (farmers, technology providers, policy makers, regulators, farm advisors), document information to develop case stories revealing innovation processes (Van De Ven and Poole, 1995), and the context of the processes (Yin, 2003).
Outputs: 1 report (in Norwegian); 2 conference papers; 1 journal article submitted; 3 lectures WP leader: Maja Farstad, Ruralis Additional participants: Ruralis, Wageningen University; Skjetlein Videregående Skole; Mære Landbruksskole.
Methods: FarmDyn (Britz et al., 2018) is a farm-level model that assesses the impact of GHG mitigation options for dairy farms (Lengers et al., 2013, 2014) and other productions (Kuhn et al., 2019; Schäfer et al., 2017). Originally developed for Germany, it is currently extended to other EU-regions in the EUfunded projects SUSTAINBEEF (https://era-susan.eu/content/sustainbeef) and LIFT (https://www.lifth2020.eu/). FarmDyn will be applied to farming conditions in Norway as part of CLIMPLEMENT. The model differs from the widely used HolosNor (Bonesmo et al., 2013) as it contains an economic module that can simulate how farmers’ mitigation behaviour is affected by economic incentives. FarmDyn features a well-developed GHG emission module and depicts farm management in rich detail at the level of individual field operations. Investment decisions into stables, structure and machinery allow the depiction of farm size effects. The model also considers risk, and will be parameterized and validated for Norwegian conditions. Cost-effective GHG mitigation strategies (i.e., combinations of different mitigation options) will be determined and their impact quantified based on a range of economic and environmental indicators. Model output will serve as a basis for interaction with stakeholders. Feedback from these discussions will be used to refine simulations and co-design models to fit local circumstances. The main output of WP3 will be a list of cost-effective mitigation options for different farming systems in Norway. FarmDyn is open access and open source. Used by a growing network of researchers across Europe, the parameterization of FarmDyn to Norwegian conditions is a lasting investment in a networkbased tool open to the scientific community.
Outputs: 1 model documentation in Norwegian; 1 journal article submitted; 2-3 popular articles, chronicles, presentations, lectures
WP leader: Klaus Mittenzwei, NIBIO Additional participants: EuroCARE, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn, Norsk Landbruksrådgiving.
Methods: We will arrange 2 workshops for researchers and user partners to improve tools and routines used by advisory services and within agricultural education. This work will utilize the systems and process development work in WP2 and the GHG model of WP3, and ultimately lead to a better basis for farmers to choose adequate climate friendly management models. Relevant individuals from the
advisory services, outside the partner group will also be invited to the workshops. The first workshop will focus on implications of the analytical work in WP2 and WP3. From this, the researchers will produce a proposal for a road map (‘guide document’) describing an improved agricultural advisory system and education, with tools and techniques. The second workshop will be used to discuss and finetune the guide, which will then be made available in electronic and printed formats.
Outputs: 2 workshops; 1 road map (guide document/“veileder”) (in Norwegian); 3 popular articles or newspaper reports; 3 lectures.
WP leader: Magnar Forbord, Ruralis. Additional participants: Ruralis, NIBIO, Wageningen University, Norsk Landbruksrådgivning, Mære Landbruksskole, Skjetlein Videregående Skole
The leader of WP5 has the responsibility of ensuring that key findings from the project are disseminated rapidly to stakeholders and the wider public via relevant channels and to facilitate stakeholder interaction. Partners in the project have agreed on four key dissemination activities. First, we will establish a project web page where results throughout the project will be presented. Second, students from the two upper secondary schools, Mære and Skjetlein, will discuss and present a strategy for how outputs from the project can be most effectively presented to farmers, and especially young farmers. Third, all partners of the project will arrange a national dissemination conference in the last year of the project. Fourth, policy briefs describing useful results from the project will be published towards the end of the project.
Outputs: Project web page; dissemination activities by students; dissemination conference; 2 policy briefs.
WP leader: Brit Logstein, Ruralis. Additional participants: All research- and non-research partners of the project, management group.
Objective: Oversee the project, facilitate coordination and exchange across work packages and partners, report to funding body, and secure that objectives in the project are met.
Description of work: In collaboration with research partners and non-research partners in the project, this WP will administer the project and hold meetings in the management group and project board. Coordinated with WPs 4 and 5, WP6 will run annual group meetings with partners and relevant stakeholders in order to discuss plans for data collection, get feedback on the validity of measures and preliminary project results, and ensure that activities are carried out.
Outputs: Start-up workshop; 3 project board meetings; 6 management group meetings; project budgets, accounts and administrative reports.
WP leader: Maja Farstad, Ruralis Additional participants: Project board, management group